This revolution became known as the swinging sixties, and began in London, England. The band who were at the forefront of what quickly became a worldwide movement were Liverpool four-piece The Beatles, still the most well known band in music history. Taking influence from the rock & roll of the 1950s and giving it a fashionable new look which propelled the group to a level of fame never seen before. Other British bands rode alongside The Beatles, most notably The Rolling Stones, The Kinks and The Who.
From the beat pop of the early sixties, rock developed through the decade into both a heavier noise and more psychedelic soundscape. American acts like The Doors, Jimi Hendrix and The Velvet Underground created different poetic worlds that brought with them inventive new sounds and visions. An underground garage rock scene came off the back of the aforementioned popular beat and psych artists, also influenced by the surf sounds of The Beach Boys, whose vocal harmonies had taken over from more instrumental guitar songs of the genre.
Another movement that grew through the sixties was folk music, with both a dedicated British scene and popular American singer songwriters like Bob Dylan gaining a passionate and political following. Country music too continued its popularity, as musicians such as Johnny Cash and Dolly Parton became world-renowned artists.
The decade was also the springboard for soul and R&B music, in particular due to the Motown label who had several huge hit singles through these years. Motown artists including The Supremes and Marvin Gaye, plus other soul singers like James Brown and Aretha Franklin, were among the many who became and remained household names.
As well as the above genres storming the charts and the dance floors, there was still space for more traditional singers like Engelbert Humperdinck to sell millions of records into households, and for pop music designed to make people dance that touched on the rock and soul sounds. The Twist by Chubby Checker and The Locomotion by Little Eva were two successful examples of this trend, in an era that influenced music forever.